The year 1999 has been marked as the reform era where the old law on regional autonomy has been replaced with the new ones, i.e. Law Number 22 year 1999 and Law Number 32 year 2004. These two new Laws have promoted the emergence of new local governments throughout Indonesia, as a process of amalgamation. Between 1999 and 2007 there were 173 new local governments emerged. The assumption that amalgamation will bring more fund and development to the new region (local government) has been the reason why this phenomenon emerged. The Municipality of Sambas is one of the examples. This study has been conducted according to Government Regulation Number 129 year 2007, to find out whether the Municipality of Sambas was feasible to be amalgamated into three Municipalities. The result of the study shows thatbased on the indicators stated in Government Regulation Number 129 year 2007 the amalgamating is not feasible
[ ROY. SALOMO, LINA MIFTAHUL JANNAH, MUH. AZIS MUSLIM | 2008/Vol I ]
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Public access for legal information has constitutional and legal basic. In implementation, there are many differences in every country. Public access is related on how far the transparency and accountability principal is implemented in legal and public institutions. However the good governance principal for legal sector in Indonesia is implemented in many years later, but nowadays we only know about the general good governance principal. We don?t know how the implementation of good governance, especially information of the cases. People have many difficulties when they want to get the information. [ Lina Miftahul Jannah , Muhammad Yasin]
The Indonesian Domestic Worker (Pekerja Rumah Tangga-PRT) has been significant growth from year to year. It is due to the changing of working role of Indonesian woman and the limiting of PRT to obtain work. The growth of PRT is also followed by problems appearance in physical, psychical, sexual, economic, and social violence. There are many causes that appear the problem, such as wrong definition about working status of PRT, poorness, low of education, and ignorance of existing labor rights. In fact Indonesia has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) through Undang-Undang (UU) Number 7/1984, but the enforcer of woman basic rights and the governmental effort are still halfheartedly. Despitefully attendance of UU Number 23/2004 about Penghapusan Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga (Abolition of Violence in Household), in its execution is still not yet maximal and have many resistances.
Ekonom yang dikenal sebagai perintis gagasan teknologi madya, E.F. Schumacher (1973) telah berjasa mempopulerkan ungkapan small is beautiful. Ungkapan ini sangat tepat untuk menggambarkan betapa besar peran dan kontribusi sektor usaha kecil dalam perekonomian banyak negara. Mulai dari pedagang kecil yang menggelar semeter tikar di trotoar sampai yang sudah menjadi mandor di pabriknya; mulai dari yang hidup di pelosok desa sampai yang mengadu nasibnya di kota besar. Masyarakat golongan ekonomi lemah ini semuanya adalah bagian dari ?keindahan?. Kondisi inilah yang menjadi perhatian utama Hernando de Soto ketika memulai penelitian untuk bukunya The Other Paths, the Invisible Revolution in The Third World (1989).